October 23, 2019

Bannerghatta Park’s Eco-Sensitive Zone Reduced Decrease in Eco-Sensitive Zone

Why in the discussion?

Ministry of Environment and Forests has issued a new notification for Bannerghatta National Park. Under the new notification, the eco-sensitive zone of Banerghatta National Park has been reduced.

key points

  • The first notification for Bannerghatta National Park was released about two and a half years ago, in which the area of ​​268.96 sq km of National Park was declared as Environmental Sensitive Zone or Eco-Sensitive Zones-ESZs.
  • The latest notification reduced the eco-sensitive zone of the park to 169 square km. Has been done.
  • Reduction in the eco-sensitive zone which controls and restricts certain activities that harm the forest, can provide more area for mining and commercial development around the city of Bangalore moving towards rapid urbanization.
  • The area where ESZ has been greatly reduced, there is either being mined or they are potential mining areas. Another area that has benefitted due to the decrease in ESZ is real estate because now the land adjacent to the highways near Bannerghatta National Park has become free from environmental barriers.

What is echo-sensitive zone?

  • Eco-sensitive zones, or ecologically sensitive areas are the notified areas surrounding the Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, a protected area, National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Activities in the eco-sensitive zone are regulated under the Environment (Protection Act) of 1986 and in such areas, polluting industries are not allowed to be used or mined.
  • According to the general principles, the expansion of the eco-sensitive zone is around 10 km in a protected area. May be within the scope of But in the case of sensitive corridors, connectivity and ecologically important segments and natural combination, 10 km More than that can be included in the eco-sensitive zone.
  • The prohibited industries are not allowed to work in these areas, as announced for the eco-sensitive zone around the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
  • These guidelines restrict the activities of commercial mining, commercial use of burnable wood and major hydro projects.
  • Commercial use of natural water resources, such as tree dropping, ground water harvesting, hotels and resorts, etc. are being controlled in these areas.
  • The basic purpose is to control some activities around the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in order to reduce the negative impact of such activities on the nearby sensitive ecosystem of protected areas.

Importance of Environmental Sensitive Areas

  • There are many changes in land landscape during industrialization, urbanization and other development initiatives which can sometimes be the cause of natural calamities like earthquake, floods, landslides and cloud bursts.
  • In order to preserve certain regions / areas with specific plants, animals and terrain, the government has declared them as National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary etc.
  • In addition to the above, to reduce the impact of urbanization and other development activities, adjacent areas of such protected areas have been declared as eco-sensitive zones.
  • National Wildlife Action Plan – NWAP 2017-2031 Protective areas try to keep areas outside the network in order to prevent the separation / destruction of biodiversity segments.
  • The purpose of declaring an eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) is to reduce the potential risk by regulating and managing the activities of the protected area and surrounding areas.

Bannerghatta National Park

  • Bannerghatta National Park was established in 1970, near Bangalore, Karnataka, and in 1974 it was declared a National Park.
  • In 2002 a part of the garden became a biological reserve which is called Bannerghatta Biological Garden.
  • It is also a popular tourist destination along with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue center, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a sapling and a safari park.
  • Karnataka Zoo Authority, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore and Ashok Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE), Bangalore are its Associate Agencies.


Yuva Sahakar Enterprises Cooperation and Innovation Scheme (Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme)

Why in the discussion?

Recently, a youth friendly scheme called ‘Yuva Sahakar Vyavahar Sahayog and Innovation Scheme’ was launched by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

key points

  • Keeping in mind the needs and ambitions of the youth, this plan has been prepared by NCDC with a view to attracting attention to cooperative business enterprises.
  • NCDC has dedicated a special fund with generous facilities to fulfill this objective. The launch of the new scheme will encourage cooperatives to innovate in new and innovative sectors.
  • This scheme will be linked to the ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund’ (CSIF) of Rs. 1000 crores generated by NCDC.
  • It will be involved in the youth friendly initiatives for the co-operation of the North Eastern areas, ambitious districts and women or scheduled caste and scheduled tribes and divining members.
  • The funding for these special categories will be 80% of the project cost and for other, it will be 70%.
  • Incentives for the projects whose cost is up to Rs. 3 crore, the rate of interest on the prevailing term loan will be reduced by 2%, as well as a moratorium of 2 years on the payment of principal.
  • All types of cooperative societies operated for at least one year will be eligible to avail the benefits of the scheme.
  • NCDC is the most important financial institution in the field of cooperative, which has launched Mission Cooper-22 to double the income of the farmers of the country till 2022.

National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)

  • National Cooperative Development Corporation was established in the year 1963 as a statutory corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare by an Act of Parliament.
  • The objective of NCDC is to create programs for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import and related events or contingency cases for some other notified items and services produced on agricultural production, food items, industrial goods, livestock and cooperative principles. And to enhance them.
  • NCDC is the only statutory body working as a top financial and development institution for cooperative sector. It provides support to cooperatives in various fields, apart from agricultural and allied sectors.
  • During the year 2014-2018 (till November 13), financial assistance of Rs. 63,702.61 crores has been released by NCDC, which is 220% more than Rs. 19,850.6 crores released during 2010-2014.

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