January 29, 2020

Agreement between India and Morocco (Morocco & India agree to assist)


Recently, India and Morocco signed a Memorandum of Understanding related to mutual legal assistance in the civil and commercial courts.

Key points of agreement

  • Execution of summons and other judicial documents or procedures
  • Taking evidence in civil cases
  • Documenting, presenting, identifying and investigating documents
  • Request letter for evidence in civil cases
  • Recognizing and implementing the arbitrators of punch judges

Purpose of agreement

  • With the modernization of the National Information Science Center of the Government of India and the Ministry of Justice of the Moroccan Empire, the objective of the agreement in the field of use of information technology is to strengthen e-governance, including the modernization of the courts using IT as an instrument. , So that exchange of best practices or modalities, regional visits of officials and experts And both the countries through jointly determined by other means by the parties can be mutually benefited.

Importance of agreement

  • This agreement will prove to be beneficial for citizens of both India and Morocco.
  • This Agreement will also serve the strong will of both countries regarding the strengthening of friendly and meaningful cooperation in civil and commercial matters, which is the basic style, sentiment and essence of this agreement.

India-Morocco relations background

  • India had been very active in providing support for Morocco’s independence movement in the United Nations on its behalf, and at the same time, India granted recognition to Morocco on June 20, 1956, when she was free from the protected system with France. happened. Along with this, diplomatic missions were established in the year 1957.
  • From the time of the onset of mutual relations, there is a cordial and friendly relationship between India and Morocco. From time to time, dignitaries from India and Morocco have been visiting each other here.
  • Among the dignitaries who visited Morocco, Vice President Dr. Zakir Hussain (1967) and Law and Justice Minister (2016) are included .

Why in the discussion ?

A program called LEAP was recently launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, which will be implemented by 15 top institutes like IITs, TISS, DU, JNU and IISERs. Along with this, an initiative named ‘ARPIT’ was also started.

What is LEAP?

  • LEAP : Leadership for Academicians Programme
  • ‘Leap’ is a three-week flagship program in public-funded higher education institutions, which will be trained for leadership development.
  • Includes two weeks of domestic and one-week foreign training.
  • Its aim is to prepare academic leadership leaders of the second level who potentially have the ability to lead the future.
  • The aim of these initiatives is to bring about change in the quality of teaching and upgrade the leadership and improve the quality of higher education institutions.


  • This program will provide Senior Faculty, whose academic credentials will be very high. These faculty have the qualities of expected leadership and management skills such as problem solving skills, management of stress, team building work, dispute management, communication skills development, higher education institutions, and complexity and challenges in financial and general administration, Will be included.

Incorporated institute

  • Leap program will be provided by 15 NIRF top ranking Indian institutes such as IIT Roorkee, IIT Kanpur, NIT Trichy, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, Jawaharlal Nehru University, University of Delhi, IIT Bombay, TISS Mumbai etc.
  • Selected foreign universities for training – University of Michigan, University of Chicago, University of Stanford, Monish University, London School of Economics, University of Cambridge, University of Virginia (USA) etc.
  • These institutions are occupying the top 100 positions in the global rankings.

What is ARPIT?

  • ARPIT : Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching
  • Offering, the MOOCs platform is a major and unique initiative for online professional development of 15 million Higher Education Faculty using ‘SWAYAM’.
  • 75 subject-specific institutions have been identified for implementation of the offer, which has been notified in the first phase as ‘National Resource Centers’.
  • They have been entrusted with the task of preparing online training material focused on the latest developments on topics, new and emerging trends, educational reforms and methods of modifying the curriculum.
  • The course is a 40-hour module that has 20 hours of video content and a 20-hour non-video content. They are presented in a very flexible form, which someone can complete with their speed and time.
  • The curriculum includes underlying evaluation exercises and activities as part of academic development.
  • At the end of the course, there will be a terminal assessment that can be either online or written exam.
  • Certificates will be provided to all the faculty who successfully complete the Online Represer Course.

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