October 23, 2019

Why in the discussion?


According to a report released by the Vienna International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran is still running its nuclear program according to the terms of the nuclear deal and has not exceeded the limit of the low-growth uranium reserves. In compliance with the Nuclear Deal, 2015, with Iran’s main powers, the boundary of its nuclear program is maintained within the limits of the conditions imposed by the deal.


Important point

  • Despite the restrictions imposed by the United States (US) against Tehran, Iran continues to abide by nuclear restrictions established by the 2015 Nuclear Deal.
  • Iran’s low-enriched uraniun limit still remains 149.4 kg It is within the limit of 202.8 kg fixed by the deal.
  • The Heavy Water reserves of Iran are still unchanged at around 122.8 tonnes. Heavy water is considered a less sensitive substance which is used as a moderator in a nuclear reactor. But it is still prohibited under the deal.
  • Although Iran has continued to produce at present, but 1.7 tonnes of this has been sent abroad, while 1.5 tons has been used in making medical compounds.

What is the Nuclear Deal, 2015?

  • During the Barack Obama administration in 2015, Iran, together with the United States, Britain, Russia, China, France and Germany, had a nuclear deal.
  • This deal was named Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
  • According to this deal, Iran had to open its nuclear plants to monitor for reduction in the related uranium deposits.
  • Instead, concession was granted to the sanctions imposed on Iran.
  • Some time ago, American President Trump separated from this agreement saying that Iran continues its stealth-driven nuclear program. At the same time, they re-imposed oil and banking restrictions on Iran.
  • However, other signatories of this deal, such as Germany, Britain, France, Russia and China, still continue this deal.
  • At the same time, Iran is still associated with this deal because this deal prohibits many international sanctions. But this will happen only when three European powers, Russia and China are committed to preserving their trade benefits.
  • The aim of the US to reinstate the restrictions was to bring Iran’s nuclear program under strict borders and to prevent the ballistic missile being developed by it and prevent proxy forces from struggling in the Middle East.

preliminary examination

Prelims Facts: November 15, 2018

GSAT-29 satellite

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched the communication satellite GSAT-29 on November 14, 2018.
  • ISRO launched this satellite with its most powerful rocket GSLV-MK3-D2 from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota .
  • According to ISRO, the purpose of this communication satellite is to work as a test bed for new and important technologies (a place equipped with testing equipment).
  • The Q-band and Ka-band payloads are expected to fulfill the communication needs of the people in the remote areas of the country, especially in Jammu and Kashmir and the North-East.

India International Trade Fair 2018

India’s International Trade Fair-ITTF 2018 begins at Pragati Maidan on November 14th.
  • India Trade Promotion Organization (India Trade Promotion organized by Organization- ITPO) This important trade fair will last from 14 to 27 November 2018.
  • This time, the partner country of India International Trade Fair is Afghanistan and Focus country is Nepal. Jharkhand The focus of this fair is the state.
  • About 800 participants from states, government departments, Indian and international companies are participating in this trade fair. These include a large number of rural artisans, craftsmen and SME entrepreneurs.
  • To participate in the fair, Afghanistan, China, Hong Kong, Kyrgyzstan, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Tunisia, Vietnam and United Arab Emirates have registered.
  • The ‘ Hunar Haat ‘ is also being organized by the Ministry of Minority Affairs at the International Trade Fair It is to be noted that this ‘Hunar Haat’ is being organized in the order of a series of ‘Hunar Haat’ organized in different parts of the country, under the mission of providing the market to artisans and craftsmen by Minority Affairs Ministry.

26th Conference of Central and State Information Organizations

The 26th Conference of Central and State Organizations is being organized by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation on 15-16 November, 2018 in Himachal Pradesh’s Dharamsala.
  • The theme of this year’s conference is ” quality assurance in official statistics “.
  • This conference is a major national forum for coordination among the statistical agencies of the Center and the state.
  • During the conference, several papers will be presented from the central ministries / departments on the main topic.

Seventh Inter Ministerial Ministerial Meeting of RCEP

On 12-13 November, 2018, the seventh inter-session ministerial meeting of RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership) was organized in Singapore .
  • In this meeting, the Indian delegation was led by Union Commerce and Industry and Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu.
  • The meeting was chaired by Singapore’s Trade and Industry Minister Chan Chun Singh.
  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a mega or broad regional free trade agreement, for which negotiations are ongoing between 16 countries.
  • The six partner countries of 10 countries of ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) and ASEAN FTA (Free Trade Agreement) such as Australia, China, India, Japan , Korea and New Zealand.
  • So far, six ministerial meetings, seven inter-sessional ministerial meetings and 24 rounds of trade talks committee have been organized at the technical level.

Aung San Suu Kyi

  • Recently, International Human Rights Institute Amnesty International has announced the withdrawal of the ‘ Embassy of Conscience Award ‘ from the silence of Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi on the affairs of Rohingya minorities .
  • This award was given to Aung San Suu Kyi in 2009. It is notable that when he was given the award, he was kept in his house.
  • Before Amnesty International, many other institutions and countries have also announced their withdrawal of the awards given to them.
  • The Canadian government provided them an Honorary Citizenship which has now been withdrawn. In addition, in March 2018, the US Holocaust also withdrew the ‘Elie Wiesel’ award from them.

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